Greece is a democratic and developed country with a rich history and a very high standard of living.
It is a member of the European Union (EU), the Schengen Area and many other international
organisations. It is also the birthplace of democracy and philosophy and is considered by many the
cradle of Western civilisation.
Area: 131,990 sq. km
Population: 10.72 million (Eurostat, 2019)
Time Zone: GMT +2
Official Language: Greek (English is widely spoken)
Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy
Chief of State: President
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of
Europe, Asia, and Africa. It is also the strategic midpoint
between London and Dubai. The Aegean Sea lies to the
East of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the West, and the
Mediterranean Sea to the South.
Greece is one of the world’s largest shipping powers and
has the largest economy in the Balkans, where it acts as
an important regional investor.
Greece was the 10th member to join the European Union (EU) in 1981, before Spain (1986), Portugal
(1986), Sweden (1995) Austria (1995), Malta (2004) and the Czech Republic (2004). It has been part of
the Schengen Area since 1992 and the Eurozone since 2001.
The Greek banks are directly supervised by the European Central Bank (ECB).
Greece is one of the founding members of the United Nations (UN) and an old member in many
significant international institutions and organisations, including NATO, IMF, OECD, UNESCO and WHO.
You can travel to Greece by:
The history of Greece is one of the longest of any country, having been continuously inhabited since 270,000 BC.
Considered the cradle of all Western civilisation, it is the birthplace of democracy and philosophy. Modern democracies owe a debt to the Greek beliefs in government by the people, trial by jury, and equality under the law.
The ancient Greeks were pioneers in many fields of science that rely on systematic thought, including Biology, Geometry, History, Physics and Mathematics. They also introduced important literary forms, such as epic and lyric poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy.
Gastronomy has been deeply rooted in the Greek culture and lifestyle since ancient times. The Greek land produces unique products that contribute to the good health of Greeks, such as extra-virgin olive oil, aromatic herbs and spices, fresh vegetables and fruit, quality dairy products, meat, grains, fish and wine.
Traditional taverns and restaurants, famous souvlaki street food, European style deli spots and Michelin awarded chefs compose the gastronomic map of Greece.
Greeks have a long tradition of valuing and investing in education, which is both public and private.
Children start primary school at the age of 6 and continue their education for 6 years.
Attendance at secondary school starts at the age of 12 and lasts for 6 years (junior and senior high school). There are also international English-speaking schools and private high schools which offer International Baccalaureate (IB) programmes.
Holders of the Greek Golden Visa enjoy the same rights to education as the Greek citizens.
Greece is a developed and peaceful country, ranked among the safest in the world.
The crime rate is very low and Greeks are very polite and friendly. Anyone can safely wander through the streets, feeling no fear, even well into the night.
Greece is among the top 5 countries in Europe with the cleanest bathing water, with 95.7% of Greece’s waters ranked as “excellent” in 2019.
Based on EU legislation, the member states must monitor their bathing waters (rivers, lakes, ground waters and coastal waters) every year. The waters are classified according to their level of quality: poor, sufficient, good or excellent.
What’s more, Greece is ranked 2nd in the world in the number of blue-flag beaches and marinas, with 517 awarded sites.
The iconic blue flag is one of the world’s most recognised awards for beaches, marinas and sustainable boating tourism operators. To qualify for the blue flag, a site must meet a series of very strict environmental, educational, safety and accessibility criteria.